lundi 27 juin 2011

Les effets de l'éducation familiale sur la réussite scolaire (dossier d'actualité IFE)

C’est sans doute une évidence de dire que la famille est le « premier système social », par lequel le jeune enfant acquiert et développe des compétences cognitives et sociales. Existe-t-il une corrélation entre « réussite scolaire » d’un élève et le rapport à l’école de sa famille ? Comment la recherche aborde-t-elle l’influence familiale sur les apprentissages et la socialisation des enfants ?

jeudi 23 juin 2011

Changing Patterns of Access to Education in Anglophone and Francophone Countries in Sub Saharan Africa: Is Education for All Pro-Poor?

CREATE Research monographs: pathways to access series, PTAs, N°52

This paper explores patterns of growth in participation in six Anglophone and seven Francophone countries in SSA. The Anglophone countries are Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia. Francophone countries were Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Madagascar, Mali, Niger and Senegal. These countries have all had large scale Universal Primary Education programmes supported with external finance, and all have demographic and health survey (DHS) data sets collected at least ten years apart, first in the 1990s and subsequently after 2000. The data provide the opportunity to explore participation over a period of a decade or more to see how it has been changing. The results show that progress towards universal access to education has been patchy and sometimes disappointing. Access to education remains strongly associated with household wealth despite commitments to pro-poor policies and investment of resources. Though overall participation has often increased, the chances of the poorest being enrolled relative to the richest have generally not improved substantially and in some cases have deteriorated.